European Union – Transport. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling, deciding that art 12 of (EC) 2006/126 (on driving licences) should be interpreted as precluding legislation of a member state under which the only way in which a person who applied for the issue or renewal of a driving licence in that member state could prove that he satisfied the condition of 'normal residence', within the meaning of that article, in the territory of that member state, set out in art 7(1)(e) and 7(3)(b) of that directive, was to establish that he had a declared place of residence in the territory of the member state concerned.