*Liberty v Government Communications Headquarters and others; Privacy International v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs and others; American Civil Liberties Union and others v Government Communications Headquarters and others; an

Human rights – Right to respect for family and private life. Following previous decisions (see [2014] All ER (D) 156 (Dec) and [2015] All ER (D) 60 (Feb)), the Investigatory Powers Tribunal addressed outstanding issues. It declared that there had been a breach of the rights under art 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights of two of the ten claimants, as the policies of the first respondent (GCHQ) concerning time limits for retention and the procedure for selection of communications for examination had not been followed. As those claimants had not suffered material detriment, damage or prejudice, the determination constituted just satisfaction and no compensation would be awarded.

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