European Union – Freedom of movement. The Court of Justice of the European Union made a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of Council Directive (EC) 2004/83 and of art 41 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. The request had been made in proceedings between Mr. N., a Pakistani national and the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform (Ireland) and the Attorney General concerning the Minister's refusal to consider Mr N.'s application for subsidiary protection status on the basis that he had not previously submitted an application for refugee status.