European Union – Jurisdiction. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling, deciding that art 1(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1393/2007 should be interpreted as meaning that legal proceedings for compensation for disturbance of ownership and property rights, contractual performance and damages, brought by private persons who were holders of government bonds against the issuing state, fell within the scope of that regulation in so far as it did not appear that they were manifestly outside the concept of civil or commercial matters.