Immigration – Appeal. The defendant Lord Chancellor appealed against the judge's decision that the Fast Track Rules (the FTR), which governed appeals to the First-tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) against refusals by the Secretary of State of asylum applications, were ultra vires. The Court of Appeal, Civil Division, in dismissing the appeal, held that the FTR were systematically unfair and unjust, as they had not struck the correct balance between speed and efficiency, and fairness and justice.