Subrogation – Circumstances in which doctrine available. The judge struck out the claimant's claim pleading set-off of his claim against the first defendant's (TIL) charge and entered summary judgment on TIL's counterclaims on the basis of subrogation of an earlier charge. The claimant appealed. The Court of Appeal, Civil Division, in dismissing the appeal, held that the judge had been entitled to approach the application for summary judgment on TIL's two alternate hypotheses. Further, the claimant's argument that TIL had not relied expressly on the earlier charge when appointing receivers over his property provided no defence and there were no equitable defences available to the claimant to defeat TIL's claim to be subrogated.