European Union – Trade marks. The Fourth Board of Appeal of the European Union Intellectual Property Office had been entitled to find that the word sign applied for, namely 'ST ANDREWS', could not be registered as an EU trade mark, being incompatible with the absolute ground of refusal set out in art 7(1)(c) of Council Regulation (EC) 207/2009, as amended. Accordingly, the General Court of the European Union dismissed the appeal by St Andrews Links Ltd, established in the UK, against the Board's decision to refuse registration of that mark in relation to certain services in Class 41 of the Nice Agreement (concerning the international Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks).