Human rights – Right to fair trial. The applicant, with an IQ of 62 and a six-year-old's understanding of spoken English, alleged violations of art 6(1) of the European Convention of Human Rights in his murder trial. The European Court of Human Rights, in dismissing the application, held that there had been no violation of art 6(1) of the Convention by the judge's ruling that it had been desirable for the applicant to have given evidence or his failure to direct the jury to consider whether the prosecution case was so strong that it had called for an answer before inviting it to draw an adverse inference from the applicant's failure to testify.