Employment – Contract of service. The proceedings concerned an appeal against the determination that the defendant university was liable in negligence to the claimant, a former employee of the defendant, in respect of its decision to instigate disciplinary proceedings to investigate an allegation that the claimant had been complicit in the preparation of false and misleading employment references. The Court of Appeal, Civil Division, in allowing the defendant's appeal, held that the judge had been wrong to find the defendant in breach of its duty to the claimant, and the reasoning which had led to that conclusion had been flawed.