BM (Iran) v Secretary of State for the Home Department

Immigration – Asylum seeker. The appellant Iranian national made an unsuccessful claim for asylum. The First-Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) (the FTT) dismissed his appeal. The appellant contended, inter alia, that the FTT had erred in failing to take into account, in the proportionality assessment under art 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, the respondent Secretary of State's policy on removals to Iran. Further, if he was not granted discretionary leave to remain, he would be left in limbo. The Court of Appeal, Civil Division, dismissing the appeal, held, inter alia, that, having considered the policy, even if the appellant's argument had been advanced before the FTT, there would have been no proper basis for a finding that the refusal of leave would have put him into a state of limbo. Consideration of whether he would have been in a state of limbo would have drawn the FTT into impermissible speculation about the future.

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