Negligence – Clinical negligence action. The claimant's claim against the defendant GP, alleging clinical negligence concerning a vasectomy, which had resulted in the claimant suffering from chronic scrotal pain, was dismissed. The Queen's Bench Division held that, on the balance of probabilities, the claimant had been adequately informed of a small risk of chronic pain, and of the range of severity and possible effect on lifestyle if it materialised. Accordingly, he had given informed consent for the procedure.