Immigration – Appeal. The claimants sought judicial review of the defendant Secretary of State's decisions that returning them to Italy would not breach art 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights and certifying their human rights claims as clearly unfounded. The Administrative Court, in dismissing the applications, held that there was no legitimate basis upon which a tribunal, properly directing itself, could reasonably conclude that the presumption that Italy would comply with its obligations under European Union and international law had been rebutted in relation either to asylum seekers or those who benefited from international protection, in particular, those who were vulnerable.