Human Rights – Torture. The claimant appealed against the judge's decision that the framework for control and restraint of those subject to removal from the United Kingdom by aircraft was compliant with the European Convention on Human Rights and that the publication of a redacted Use of Force Training Manual was lawful. The Court of Appeal, Civil Division, in dismissing the appeal, held that there was no basis for finding a breach of arts 2 or 3 of the Convention, nor was there any basis for departing from the judge's analysis and conclusions as to the lawfulness of the redactions.