European Union – Consumer protection. The Court of Justice of the European Union made a preliminary ruling, deciding, amongst other things, that Directive (EC) 2005/29 of the European Parliament and of the Council (concerning unfair business-to-consumer commercial practices in the internal market) had to be interpreted as meaning that the communication, by a professional to a consumer, of erroneous information, such as that at issue in the main proceedings, should be classified as a 'misleading commercial practice', within the meaning of that directive, even though that information concerned only one single consumer.