Vicarious liability – Employer and employee. The Supreme Court reversed a decision of the Court of Appeal and held that the 'close connection' test used in establishing vicarious liability was correct and would not be improved by a change in vocabulary. Applying that test to the present case meant that the employee's assault on the claimant customer had brought the claimant's case within the close connection test so as to properly enable a finding of vicarious liability against the defendant employer.