European Union – Consumer protection. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling, deciding that Council Directive (EEC) 93/13 precluded national legislation, such as that at issue in the main proceedings, which did not permit the court ruling on the enforcement of an order for payment to assess of its own motion whether a term in a contract concluded between a seller or supplier and a consumer was unfair, when the authority hearing the application for an order for payment did not have the power to make such an assessment.