European Union – Data protection. Article 9 of Directive (EC) 95/46 should be interpreted as meaning that factual circumstances such as those of the case in the main proceedings, namely, the video recording of police officers in a police station, while a statement was being made, and the publication of that recorded video on a video website, on which users could send, watch and share videos, could constitute a processing of personal data solely for journalistic purposes, within the meaning of that provision, in so far as it was apparent from that video that the sole object of that recording and publication thereof was the disclosure of information, opinions or ideas to the public, that being a matter which it was for the referring court to determine. The Court of Justice of the European Union so held, among other things, in a preliminary ruling in circumstances where the defendant had allegedly infringed Latvian national law by publishing a video, filmed by him, on the internet site of the statement he had made in the context of administrative proceedings involving the imposition of a penalty in a station of the Latvian national police.