Medical practitioner – Negligence. The widower of a deceased Jehovah's witness, who had refused a blood transfusion on religious grounds, failed in his claim alleging negligence against the defendant NHS trust. The claim arose out of the death of the deceased, following an emergency caesarian section (C-section). The Queen's Bench Division held, among other things that, while there had been a breach of duty on 16 September 2013 (when the deceased had been re-admitted into hospital) in failing to tell her that she was at a significantly higher risk than the average woman of having to have a C-section or that she could have the option of a planned section, had the deceased been properly advised, she probably would not have chosen to have a planned C-section on the relevant day, and that there had been no breach of duty thereafter.