Criminal law – Appeal. The interpretation placed in R (on the application of Collins) v Secretary of State for Justice [2016] All ER (D) 83 (Jan) on the householder's defence under the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 s 76(5A) had been correct. Accordingly, in dismissing the appellant's appeal, the Court of Appeal, Criminal Division rejected the contention that provided the degree of forced used by a householder was not grossly disproportionate then it was necessarily reasonable.