Libel claimants no longer need to show evidence of harm to their reputation, the Court of Appeal said, redefining the test in s 1(1) of the Defamation Act 2013. In Lachaux v Independent Print Ltd and others [2017] EWCA Civ 1334 the court said it was enough for a judge to infer that the words complained about were likely to cause serious harm without requiring evidence of it.