European Union – Customs and excise. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling deciding that where import duties, including anti-dumping duties, were reimbursed on the ground that they had been levied in breach of European Union law, that being a matter for the referring court to determine, there was an obligation on member states, arising from EU law, to pay to individuals with a right to reimbursement the corresponding interest which ran from the date of payment by those individuals of the duties reimbursed.