European Union – Freedom of movement. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling deciding, among other things, that art 7(4) of Directive (EC) 2008/115 should be interpreted as precluding a national practice whereby a third-country national, who was staying illegally within the territory of a member state, was deemed to pose a risk to public policy within the meaning of that provision on the sole ground that he was suspected, or had been criminally convicted, of an act punishable as a criminal offence under national law.