European Union – Air transport. The Court of Justice of the European Union made a preliminary ruling, deciding , amongst other things, that art 3(g) of Regulation (EC) No 785/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council (on insurance requirements for air carriers and aircraft operators) should be interpreted as meaning that the occupant of a helicopter held by a Community air carrier, who had been carried on the basis of a contract between that air carrier and the occupant's employer in order to perform a specific task was a 'passenger' within the meaning of that provision.