Criminal law – Appeal. The Court of Appeal, Criminal Division, in dismissing the defendant's appeal, held, amongst other things, that in the correct interpretation of reg 38(1) of the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2007, the words 'knowingly' and 'permit' related to knowledge of the facts and not as to the existence and scope of the permission or conditions of a licence. The prosecution did not have to show that a defendant knew that the matters of which it was aware were not permitted.