European Union – Consumer law. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling, deciding that arts 2(1)(a)(i) and 3(1)(2) of Council Directive (EC) 2000/13 of the European Parliament and of the Council (on the provision of food information to consumers) should be interpreted as precluding the labelling of a foodstuff and methods used for the labelling from giving the impression, by means of the appearance, description or pictorial representation of a particular ingredient, that that ingredient was present, even though it was not in fact present and that was apparent solely from the list of ingredients on the foodstuff's packaging.