Family proceedings – Orders in family proceedings. The proceedings concerned a child who was habitually resident in the United Kingdom, but who was found to have been wrongly retained in Poland. The mother applied to the court for the father and paternal grandmother's committal for breach of orders of the court requiring the child's return and for the hearing to proceed despite their absence at the hearing. The Family Division held that the application should proceed in the absence of the father and grandmother in respect of the father alone, in view of the potential prejudice to the mother of any delay in the application. On the facts, the father had breached the orders. The determination of penalty for those breaches and the application concerning the grandmother were adjourned.