Immigration – Deportation. The Court of Appeal, Civil Division, in dismissing the appellant's appeal against the dismissal of his appeal against the respondent Secretary of State's decision to make a deportation order against him, rejected the submission that, having recognised the appellant as a refugee, it had not been open to the Secretary of State to deport him without having taken steps to 'cessate' his refugee status. There was no proper basis for the assertion that past refugee status (of itself) raised a presumption of ill-treatment under art 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights on return.