Minor – Removal outside jurisdiction. The father had taken his child to Singapore, with the mother's consent, to live with the paternal grandparents for a short period. The father then refused to return the child to the United Kingdom and the mother issued proceedings. Three orders were made which required the father to return, or secure the return, of the child. By the third order, the judge refused to recuse herself, found the father guilty of contempt, and committed him to a term of imprisonment. The Court of Appeal, Civil Division, allowed the father's appeal to the extent that the recital to the second order should not have been included, the judge had not properly explained herself in refusing to recuse and should have directed the committal application to be heard by another judge and, finally, the judge's reasoning had not provided adequate support for her finding of contempt, accordingly, the father would be released from custody.