Criminal law – Trial. The defendant was convicted of rape and assault by penetration of his adult daughter, who had been placed for adoption shortly after birth, but had reunited with the defendant in her thirties. The defendant had contended at trial that sexual intercourse had been consensual. He appealed against conviction on the ground that, among other things, the judge's summing up had been deficient in that it had not gone into the detail of text messages sent the complainant to the defendant which contradicted her evidence that sex had been non-consensual. The Court of Appeal, Criminal Division, in allowing the appeal, held that, the conviction could not be held to be safe in the face of the deficiencies revealed by the summing up.