Sentence – Imprisonment. The defendant was one of fifty-two defendants sentenced by the same judge for their involvement in a violent episode of public disorder in Birmingham City Centre in July 2013 arising from a demonstration by the English Defence League and a counter-demonstration by United Against Fascism. Having pleaded guilty to violent disorder, he was sentenced to two years' imprisonment. The Court of Appeal, Criminal Division, held that there had been sufficient material to infer that, at least in part, the defendant's actions had been religiously or racially motivated but that the judge's starting point of three years' imprisonment had been too high. Consequently, the sentence was reduced to one of 16 months' imprisonment.