European Union – Directives. The Court of Justice of the European Union made a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation and validity of a number of provisions of Directive 2014/40/EU concerning the manufacture, presentation and sale of tobacco and related products. The request had been made in two sets of proceedings brought by: (i) Philip Morris Brands SARL and Philip Morris Ltd; and (ii) British American Tobacco UK Ltd against the Secretary of State for Health in the United Kingdom, concerning the legality of the 'intention and/or obligation' of the UK government to implement Directive 2014/40.