Immigration – Leave to remain. In construing s 3C of the Immigration Act 1971, the Court of Appeal, Civil Division, held that that an application for leave to remain in the United Kingdom had to be one which was validly made in accordance with the rules and that section could not be read in such a way that a decision on the application for leave included a decision that there was no valid application. Accordingly, the appeals were dismissed as there had been no valid applications.