Animal – Protection. In judicial review proceedings, the claimant sought declarations that certain types of conduct did not fall within the prohibition, in art 18(1)(b) of European Parliament and Council Regulation 1223/2009, on the placing on the Community market of cosmetics containing ingredients which, in order to meet the requirements of the Regulation, had been tested on animals, and so would not involve the commission of a criminal offence. The Administrative Court held that there was a real issue of law that needed to be resolved. Accordingly, it referred questions to the Court of Justice of the European Union for a preliminary ruling.