*Qongwane and others v Secretary of State for the Home Department; R (the application of Singh (India)) v Secretary of State for the Home Department

Immigration – Rules. The appellant foreign nationals had all been refused leave to remain in the United Kingdom and the Secretary of State had determined that their removal would be proportionate. The Court of Appeal, Civil Division, dismissed all of their appeals and gave guidance on the obligations of the Secretary of State under para 353B (exceptional circumstances) of the Immigration Rules.

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