European Union – Trade marks. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling, deciding that art 9(1)(b) of Council Regulaion (EC) 207/2009 (on the Community trade mark) should be interpreted as meaning that, in order to assess the likelihood of confusion that could exist between a Community trade mark and a sign which covered the same or similar goods and which both contained a dominant Arabic word in Latin and Arabic script, those words being visually similar, in circumstances where the relevant public for the Community mark and for the sign at issue had a basic knowledge of written Arabic, the meaning and pronunciation of those words had to be taken into account.