Practice – Pre-trial or post-judgment relief. In claims by many hundreds of Iraqi civilians against the defendant Ministry of Defence for damages for their allegedly unlawful detention and ill-treatment by British armed forces, the preliminary issue was whether in respect of the claims in tort the law of Iraq provided for joint liability and/or vicarious liability of the defendant for acts alleged to have been done by members of the US forces. The Queen's Bench Division gave a ruling based on the evidence submitted.