Local government – Councillor. The claimant long-standing local councillor challenged the Adjudication Panel for Wales' (the tribunal) decisions that he had breached the local council's codes of conduct, and disqualifying him for two years and six months. The Administrative Court held that the tribunal had correctly applied the civil standard of proof, but had erred in its factual findings with respect to two of the 14 alleged breaches. Further, the tribunal had imposed a manifestly excessive period of disqualification and it would be substituted by a period of 18 months.