European Union – Freedom of establishment. The Court of Justice of the European Union ruled that two questions referred to it for a preliminary ruling by the Italian national court concerning the interpretation of arts 49, 102 and 106 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and of art 15 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union were inadmissible as both questions failed to provide the Court with the factual or legal material necessary to give a useful answer as required by art 94(c) of the Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice.