Contract – Breach of contract. The main issue in the proceedings was whether the first defendant was personally liable to repay the first to third claimants money which they or their companies had paid to the second defendant, which had then been deployed directly or indirectly in property deals in Dubai, which had been arranged by the first defendant. The Chancery Division, in dismissing the claim in respect of that issue, held that the first defendant had acted entirely in accordance with the mandate he had been given by the claimants in applying the money and there was no evidence or acknowledgement by him that he was personally liable to the claimants for any advances they had made.