Competition – Rules on competition. In the course of proceedings between FNV Kunsten Informatie en Media, a trade union, and the Netherlands concerning the validity of a reflection document published by the Netherlands Competition Authority, the Court of Justice of the European Union had to consider whether the provision of a collective labour agreement setting minimum fees for the supply of independent services was excluded from the scope of art 101(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).