European Union – Employment. The Court of Justice of the European Union ruled that art 2(1) of European Parliament and Council Directive (EC) 2003/88 had to be interpreted as meaning that, in circumstances such as those at issue in the main proceedings, in which workers did not have a fixed or habitual place of work, the time spent by those workers travelling each day between their homes and the premises of the first and last customers designated by their employer constituted 'working time', within the meaning of that provision.