*Europa Oil and Gas Ltd v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government and others

Town and country planning – Development. The claimant had been refused planning permission to explore and test for hydrocarbons in the green belt. The Secretary of State's inspector refused the appeal as the proposed development did not fall within the category of 'mineral extraction' in para 90 of the National Planning Policy Framework. On appeal, the judge found that exploration did fall within the meaning of mineral extraction and quashed the inspector's decision. The Court of Appeal, Civil Division, upheld the judge's decision for the reasons he had given.

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