Trespass to the person – Battery. The Queen's Bench Division dismissed the claimant's application for damages and declaratory relief against the defendant Metropolitan Police Commissioner for battery, negligence and breach of his right to life, under art 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights (art 2), brought as a result of being shot by an officer. The claimant had been shot in lawful self-defence, the police had not owed him a duty of care and art 2 had not been violated by the shooting or the planning and conduct of the operation.