European Union – Public procurement. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of arts 49 and 56 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The request had been made in proceedings between Consorzio Artigiano Servizio Taxi e Autonoleggio and two transport operators and Local Health Authority of Ciriè, Chivasso et Ivrea and the Region of Piedmont concerning, first, the award, with no competitive tendering, of the service of transporting dialysis patients to various health care establishments, to Associazione Croce Bianca del Canavese and to several other voluntary associations and, secondly, the authorisation of the related expenditure.