European Union – Family proceedings. The Court of Justice of the European Union made a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of Council Regulation (EC) 2201/2003 (concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibility), repealing Regulation (EC) 1347/2000. The request had been made in the context of legal proceedings brought by C against M concerning the return to France of their child who was in Ireland with M.