European Union – Transport. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling, deciding, among other things, that art 2(1) and the second sub-paragraph of art 11(4) of Council Directive (EEC) 91/439 (on driving licences) had to be interpreted as meaning that a member state in whose territory the holder of a driving licence issued by another member state was staying temporarily was not precluded from refusing to recognise the validity of that driving licence on account of unlawful conduct on the part of its holder in the territory of the first member state after that driving licence had been issued that resulted, under the national law of the first member state, in unfitness to drive motor vehicles.