European Union – Intellectual property rights. The Court of Justice of the European Union ruled, among other things, that European Union law, in particular art 5(2)(b) of Directive (EC) 2001/29 (on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society), read in conjunction with paragraph 5 of that article, should be interpreted as precluding national legislation, such as that at issue in the main proceedings, which did not distinguish the situation in which the source from which a reproduction for private use was made was lawful from that in which that source was unlawful.