European Union – Jurisdiction. The Court of Justice of the European Union gave a preliminary ruling, deciding that European Union law had to be interpreted as meaning that the system of non-contractual liability of a member state for damage caused by a breach of that law did not apply in the case of damage allegedly caused to an individual as a result of an alleged breach of a fundamental freedom laid down in arts 49, 56 or 63 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union by national legislation that was applicable without distinction to the state's own nationals and those of other member states, where, in a situation which was confined in all respects within a single member state, there was no link between the subject or circumstances of the dispute in the main proceedings and those articles.