Minor – Removal outside jurisdiction. The mother's actions in removing the child (R) from Australia represented a blatant and premeditated act of child abduction. Accordingly, the Family Division, in granting the father's application for R's summary return to Australia, held, among other things, that the mother had not made out the exception under art 13(b) of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction 1980.