Immigration – Leave to remain. Although no gloss was needed on R (on the application of Agyarko) v Secretary of State for the Home Department; R (on the application of Ikuga) v Secretary of State for the Home Department ([2017] 4 All ER 575), the Court of Appeal, Civil Division, set out an evaluative mechanism that should be adopted by the First-tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber). It then dismissed the appellants' challenge to their removal to their home countries by reliance on art 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights.